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Tools for visualization of CNVs called by XHMM
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14 months ago
nkausthu • 20

Hi,

I have a list of CNVs called using XHMM from exomes. I would like to know the best way to visualize these CNVs. I hope to get a reply soon.

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18 months ago
bernatgel ♦ 1.9k
Barcelona, Spain

Hi @nkausthu,

I've not used XHMM myself, but if you can load the data into R, you can plot the data using karyoploteR.

I've created a small simulated results using the .xcnv as decribed in the XHMM tutorial using the createRandomRegions function from regioneR with the following code:

library(karyoploteR)
set.seed(1231)

#Simulate output
xhmm.out <- data.frame()
for(nsample in 1:10) {
  dd <- toDataframe(createRandomRegions(nregions=10, length.mean = 20e6, length.sd=5e6, mask=NA, non.overlapping = TRUE))
  intervals <- paste0(dd[,1], ":", dd[,2], "-", dd[,3])
  xhmm.out <- rbind(xhmm.out, data.frame(SAMPLE=paste0("Sample", nsample),
                                   CNV=rep(c("DEL", "DUP"), 5),
                                   INTERVAL=intervals,  stringsAsFactors=FALSE))
}

That creates a data.frame with the columns we need to plot

> head(xhmm.out)
   SAMPLE CNV                 INTERVAL
1 Sample1 DEL  chr18:29077044-48674484
2 Sample1 DUP chr2:168227823-191704249
3 Sample1 DEL chr5:163255214-174457397
4 Sample1 DUP  chr20:14003146-35810966
5 Sample1 DEL  chr12:29226733-59642338
6 Sample1 DUP chr1:160156036-178393920

And we can start plotting. In this case we'll plot all chromosomes in a single line and represent each sample independently with gains in red and losses in green.

samples <- as.character(unique(xhmm.out$SAMPLE))
num.samples <- length(samples)

kp <- plotKaryotype(plot.type = 4, ideogram.plotter = NULL, labels.plotter = NULL)
kpAddChromosomeNames(kp, srt=45)
kpAddCytobandsAsLine(kp)

for(nsample in seq_len(num.samples)) {
  s <- samples[nsample]

  #Extract and prepare the data of the current sample
  sample.regions <- xhmm.out[xhmm.out$SAMPLE==s,]
  regs <- data.frame(do.call(rbind, strsplit(x = sample.regions$INTERVAL, split = c(":|-"))), stringsAsFactors=FALSE)
  regs[,2] <- as.numeric(regs[,2])
  regs[,3] <- as.numeric(regs[,3])
  regs <- toGRanges(regs)

  #And plot
    #Define the vertical space for the sample "track"
    r0 <- (nsample-1)/num.samples
    r1 <- (nsample)/num.samples - 0.05 #this 0.05 is a small margin between samples
    #Add the labels, etc...
    kpAddLabels(kp, r0=r0, r1=r1, labels = s)
    kpAbline(kp, h=0.5, r0=r0, r1=r1, col="#888888")
    #And plot the regions DUP and DEL
    kpSegments(kp, data=regs[sample.regions$CNV=="DUP"], y0 = 0.5, y1=0.5, r0=r0, r1=r1, col="red", lwd=5)
    kpSegments(kp, data=regs[sample.regions$CNV=="DEL"], y0 = 0.5, y1=0.5, r0=r0, r1=r1, col="green", lwd=5)
}

And you'll get something like this

enter image description here

You can change the chromosome arrangement and the representation of the DUPs and DELs using any of the available plotting functions you can fin in the karyoploteR tutorial and examples page.

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Hi,

This plot looks like I will be able to get an overview about the deletions and duplication called in each of the sample. Actually I would like to get a plot as below for a specific duplication/deletion. I think it is based on the z-score given by xhmm.

Duplication

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Hi nkausthu,

I cannot see the image attached. Can you fix the link?

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Please see this link https://ibb.co/dzFKVH

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For an image like this you can also use karyopoteR, but use the kpPoints function instead of kpSegments. You'll need to figure out the values they are plotting (the Z-score it seems) in your output files, load it into R and plot them. You can take a look at the example on how to plot SNP-array data for inspiration on a similar plot. If you want a plot of a smaller region, not the whole genome in a single plot, simply give the region as the zoom parameter to plotKaryotype. You can find more info in the tutorial on how to zoom in a small region of the genome.

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Thank you so much.. I will explore this and get back to you

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15 months ago
h.mon 25k
Brazil

The XHMM manual has a section titled "Visualizing XHMM results with included R scripts". Also, if you output the results to vcf, you can explore them with IGV.

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14 months ago
nkausthu • 20

Thank you so much for the reply. I had tried the XHMM tutorial but an error as follows. ./pseq --group refseq --locdb locdb --group refseq --file /mnt/exome/Softwares/HG19/nexterarapidcapture_exome_target_region.bed --out annotated_targets.refseq


||||||||||||||||||||||||||| PSEQ (v0.10; 14-Jul-14) |||||||||||||||||||||||||||

pseq error : command refseq not recognised

Also I tried to load VCF file generated by XHMM in IGV but again I get an error.

Error loading DATA.vcf: The provided VCF file is malformed at approximately line number 34: Symbolic alleles not allowed as reference allele: , for input source: DATA.vcf

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