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Fixing a biopython script
1
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14 months ago
tpaisie • 70
University of Florida

So I'm trying to actively learn how to use Biopython, and python for that matter. I made a script that extracts the Genbank accession number and the country from a .gb (genbank) file and puts the accession number and country in a text file. Here is my script:

from Bio import SeqIO
gb_file = "denv1.gb"

for gb_record in SeqIO.parse(open(gb_file,"r"), "genbank") :
     printgb_record.name),
     for feat in gb_record.features:
                if feat.type == 'source':
                        source = gb_record.features[0]
                        for qualifiers in source.qualifiers:
                                if qualifiers == 'country':
                                        country = source.qualifiers['country']
                                        print(country[0])

Now the output text file, every accession number with a country is listed perfectly, but when a country is not present for a particular sequence in the genbank file, it does this:

example of .gb file

Instead I would like it to be blank where the name of the country would go. Hopefully this makes sense and isn't too confusing. Can anyone help me out? As I said I'm trying to learn, so pointers or links to help would be greatly appreciated!

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1
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Couple of other things to point out. with SeqIO.parse() you don't also need to call open(). My suggestion would be to throw in a check for existence of location... have a look at this thread from the other day: C: How do can I use Biopython and SeqIO to parse out multiple genes from several NC

from Bio import SeqIO
import sys

with open(sys.argv[2], 'w') as nfh:
        for rec in SeqIO.parse(sys.argv[1], "genbank"):
                if rec.features:
                        for feature in rec.features:
                                if feature.type == "CDS":
                                        nfh.write(">%s from %s\n%s\n" % (
                                        feature.qualifiers['gene'][0],
                                        rec.name,
                                        feature.location.extract(rec).seq))

On line 5, you're making sure that feature exists before you do something with it. My guess is that your code is failing to detect that a source isnt found in the next record, and populating it with the last thing source evaluated to from a previous record.

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2
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ok so i added this to my script:

from Bio import SeqIO
gb_file = "denv1.gb"

# parse genbank file
for gb_record in SeqIO.parse(gb_file, "genbank") :
    # now do something with the record
        printgb_record.name),   # print genbank accession number
        for feat in gb_record.features:
                if feat.type == 'source':
                        source = gb_record.features[0]
                        for qualifiers in source.qualifiers:
                            if qualifiers == 'country':
                                country = source.qualifiers['country']
                                print(country[0]) # prints the country
                        else:
                            print("")

and it does leave a the accession numbers country column blank but it also adds an extra line inbetween each accession number and country:

script text file

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0
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I suspect this will be to do with carry over of a newline character in the case where the source can actually be found from the file, but not if it's blank.

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So I need to add something to my code to tell it when no country is present in the file it should print nothing? Are you showing that in the above code?

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0
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I haven't tested your code but that would be my guess. I could be wrong :p

The code above is similar to what you're doing. It extracts info from Genbanks.

I believe you need a statement something like:

source = gb_record.features[0]
if not source:
    source = 'no source information'
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Can you upload your genbank that you're trying this on so I can replicate what you've got?

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So the entire file is to large, but there is a shortened version of the file: http://gobin.io/OBcO

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Could you format the code using in the biostar post editor ?

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There! Thanks for letting me know!

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5 months ago
Joe 12k
United Kingdom

Ok here's what I've ended up with:

from Bio import SeqIO
gb_file = "test.gbk"

# parse genbank file
for gb_record in SeqIO.parse(gb_file, "genbank") :
    # now do something with the record
        for feat in gb_record.features:
                if feat.type == 'source':
                        source = gb_record.features[0]
                        for qualifiers in source.qualifiers:
                            if qualifiers == 'country':
                                country = str(source.qualifiers['country'][0])
                            elif country == '':
                                country = 'none'

        printgb_record.name + ' ' + country)

This works on the test data. The file as you provided it returns:

KT279761 Haiti
EU482591 USA: Puerto Rico
HQ332181 Venezuela
FJ810415 Venezuela: Aragua

If I manually change one of the gbk entries so that it doesn't contain any country data:

            ##Assembly-Data-END##
FEATURES             Location/Qualifiers
     source          1..10735
                     /organism="Dengue virus 1"
                     /mol_type="viral cRNA"
                     /strain="Haiti/1207/2014"
                     /serotype="1"
                     /host="Homo sapiens"
                     /db_xref="taxon:11053"
                     /country=""
                     /collection_date="27-Nov-2014"
     5'UTR           1..94

The same code will return:

KT279761 none
EU482591 USA: Puerto Rico
HQ332181 Venezuela
FJ810415 Venezuela: Aragua

However, without seeing one of your genbanks which doesnt contain the country information I'm not sure if this will work 100% of the time. If the /country= field is missing altogether I think it may still break. For your own practice you may want to alter the code to try and handle that (another simple elif statement would probably do it).

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