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How to normalize median-center log-transform an expression matrix
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14 months ago
user31888 • 60
United States

Hi,

I often read in articles that read count RNASeq expression matrices (rows=genes / columns=samples) have been fpkm-normalized, median-centered, log2 transformed.

In which order these steps are performed?

When you do median-centering, you substract from the expression value the median calculated per samples (column) or per gene (row)?

In order to avoid producing NaNs during the log2 transformation, at which step do we add +1 to the expression values (to get > 0 values)?

I see things this way:

  1. Add +1 to all read counts

  2. normalise read counts (into FPKM, TPM, whatever...)

  3. substract the median of the sample (column) to each expression values

  4. log transform.

Is it correct?

Thanks !

R RNA-Seq • 675 views
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Usually the log 2 transformation and the RPKM calculation go in one go, see for example the rpkm() function in edgeR.

The next step is the median centering, but in my opinion for heatmaps it is more common to use z-scores.

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Ok, I see. The median centering is done by columns (samples), right?

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Well it depends on what you exactly mean by that. You should take per row the median over all samples, is that what you meant?

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