I haven't often used autoplot but I didn't notice the automatic PCA on cluster objects. Indeed the doc is quite misleading. The only hint is the axis labels.

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The PCA function that it uses is `prcomp()`

, which is the same as what my own package (PCAtools) and DESeq2 use.

Yes, it is performing partitioning around medoids (PAM) and identifying X number of clusters (user pre-selects desired number as second parameter to `pam()`

). `autoplot()`

then performs PCA on the dataset and shades the points based on the PAM cluster assignments. Here is the proof:

```
g1 <- autoplot(prcomp(iris[-5]), frame = TRUE, frame.type = 'norm')
g2 <- autoplot(pam(iris[-5], 2), frame = TRUE, frame.type = 'norm')
require(grid)
require(gridExtra)
grid.arrange(g1,g2, ncol = 2)
```

They are the same points, but higlighted differently.

As is typical with many CRAN (and other) packages, the documentation is poor and the program functionality does not make it readily obvious what the function is doing.

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Thank you so much, i was so confused with the documentation. So, the method autoplot() use to find the 1st 2 principal components is by prcomp()?

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In PCA, principal components are ordered by the fraction of variance explained (i.e. eigenvalues of the covariance matrix). If this doesn't make sense to you, please read some tutorial on PCA.

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ok, thank you. So in the above method, the clustering is performed 1st by pam() and then the clustered data points are adjusted according to the PC1 and PC2 plotted by autoplot. right?

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If you're talking about this line:

```
autoplot(pam(iris[-5], 3), frame = TRUE, frame.type = 'norm')
```

then there's no PCA. autoplot() is a "smart" plotting function. It recognizes what objects are passed to it and calls the appropriate specialized plotting function. If you pass it an object from the cluster package, it plots the data and automatically colours points according to cluster labels. If you pass it a pca object them it will plot the data against the first two PCs.

EDIT: I am wrong. autoplot does indeed perform PCA on cluster objects. See Kevin's answer.

ggfortifyhas vignette, Plotting PCA (Principal Component Analysis). Which part is not clear? Provide example data and code.autoplot(pam(iris[-5], 3), frame = TRUE, frame.type = 'norm')

This, autoplot finds the 1st two principal components on the clustered object obtained from pam(). I wanted to know what is the algorithm autoplot uses here?